Year after year the fresh new environmental standing of one’s ‘southern capital’ deteriorates drastically
July 6, 1994 – are signed the newest Quality of the Finest Council of your Republic from Kazakhstan “Towards import of the investment of the Republic out-of Kazakhstan.” Now, which big date are officially announced because Day’s the capital. 1996 – Best Far eastern, African and you can European architects keeps achieved to talk about this new illustrations from general development plan of the the newest capital. This new internationally race to discover the best general growth of Astana obtained the japanese designer Kisho Kurokawa. Akmola is announced while the funding out-of Kazakhstan to your tenth December 1997 of the Chairman regarding Kazakhstan Nursultan Abishevich Nazarbayev in addition to Parliament from Republic away from Kazakhstan. The newest around the world speech out-of Astana, due to the fact the new financing of Kazakhstan, was held on the tenth June 1998. In 1999 Astana was granted on medal and term from Town of Tranquility of the UNESCO. Now the latest city’s area is more than eight twenty-two sq. kilometres.
By Presidential ed into the Astana
The initial capitals from the contemporary, present and you will modern reputation for Kazakhstan was in fact two some other metropolises during the the same time frame Alash-kala (1917-1920) – currentntly titled Semey ( half of element of Alash-kala Area for Kazakhstan had been taked off from Kazakhstan regarding the different attacks off Russian Kingdom and you will USSR and you can became progressive Kemerovskaya oblast – Kemerovo ( Kazakh city Komir kemer translated out-of kazakh because the Slope hillside from coal ), Altayskiy Kray – Barnaul ( Kazakh Mountains away from Altai with Kazakh town Boranaul translated away from Kazakh just like the town off snowfall-violent storm otherwise town of blizzard) and you may Altai Republic – Gorno-Altaisk.(Kazakh Slopes of Altai that have Kazakh town Kos-Agash otherwise Kosh-Agash function new trees partners as well as curtain of your own trees and you can literal interpretation regarding Kazakh phrase “kosh” and “agash” means “good-bye, the fresh new tree”, corresponding to mainly based here treeless landscapes) Kazakh Tobol Area completely taked away from and then it an enthusiastic area of modern Tumenskaya oblast – Tumen ( Kazakh urban area Tomen and therefore Down), Tobolsk (Kazakh area towards river Tobyl which called once Tobyl-Tura Siberian Kazakh Khan) and you may Novosibirskaya oblast-Novosibirsk ( Sibir or Siberia are an excellent Kazakh lands regarding Siberian Kazakh Khanate), Tomskaya oblast-Tomsk ( Kazakh area Tombi
Kokand (out of 1917-1918, after Tashkent out of 1918-1924)) – currently so it towns found on the region regarding Uzbekistan just like the October 27, 1924 – 1925 due to the federal-territorial delimitation of management and you can territorial reform away from USSR gone to live in the brand new newly-designed the fresh new Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic 1925 with an investment from inside the Samarkand (produced from the fresh combined territories of your own disbandment of your own Khorezm Socialist Soviet Republic, regarding Bukhara Soviet Socialist Republic and you may taked away from territoies away from Kazakhstan on Syrdarya area for Kazakhstan Amudariya and you may Tashkent countyies),
Orynbor ( already named Orenburg) from inside the 1920 – 1925 ( afterwards the newest Kazakh territoryies was basically taked off from Kazakhstan – Kazakh Orynbor Region (already 1 / 2 of Orynbor Part became section of Bashkiriya-Russia’s Freedom Republic), Orenburg , Kurgan ( try Kazakh urban area Korgan) and you can Chelyabinsk ( are Kazakh city Chelyabi) oblast(regions) of Russian Federation) ; Kazakh Bukei Region, Kazakh Nogay Horde and Astrakhan Kazakh Khanate ( already Astrakhan oblast and you can Kalmyk Liberty Republic away from Russian Federation ( Kazakh urban area Asterkhan-Kazhy Tarkhan ) and you may condition Sary-Tau ( now titled Saratovskaya oblast-Saratov), condition Sary-Su( called into the Russian Empire Tsaritsyn following renamed to Volgagrad) and you can ; Kazakh urban area and condition Ombi out of Akmola Part ( already Omsk Area for Russian Federation) ; Kazakh metropolises and you will countyies Tombi and you can Tobyl ( currently Tomsk and you will Tobolsk),
Kazakhstan this may be try moved to Kyzylorda inside 1925. The development of the Turkish train was the primary reason getting transferring the administrative centre so you’re able to Alma-Ata from inside the 1929. The capital was gone away from Almaty to Akmola having monetary, environment and you can geographical grounds. Almaty is simply too from the the genuine geographical center of the country. The people when you look at the Almaty is nearly 1.5 million with no subsequent applicants to possess holiday accommodation. In fact the city is fairly overbuilt, densely populated and has now zero spare areas to have creativity. Transport is also an issue. It’s one of the most contaminated metropolises into the Kazakhstan. Akmola are picked since finest solution, centered on a nation-wider study looking at 32 parameters plus socioeconomic indices, environment, landscaping, seismic status, natural environment, engineering and you will transportation infrastructure, framework organization and you will work force. Decisive great things about Astana included their complete reputation, area, main area, proximity in order to significant economic facilities and you will blood vessels, possibility to improve their society to help you 400,one hundred thousand, steady utility offers, well-establish transportation structure and you may healthy natural environment.